本网站所公示的部分疾病的检查及治疗费用有所变动,详细以实际就诊情况为准,或向在线医生了解大概费用!
习惯性流产安胎网
习惯性流产-安太医院

闭经是怎么一回事?What is amenorrhea?

  • 来源:xjat
  • 作者:xjat
  • 更新日期:2019-03-27 23:24
  • 点击:

陈凤林教授指出:闭经(amenorrhea)是多种疾病导致的女性体内病理生理变化的外在表现,是一种临床症状而并非某一疾病。Professor Chen Fenglin pointed out that amenorrhea is the external manifestation of pathophysiological changes in women caused by various di

陈凤林教授指出:闭经(amenorrhea)是多种疾病导致的女性体内病理生理变化的外在表现,是一种临床症状而并非某一疾病。

Professor Chen Fenglin pointed out that amenorrhea is the external manifestation of pathophysiological changes in women caused by various diseases, and it is a clinical symptom rather than a disease.

闭经怎么分类的呢?How to classify amenorrhea?

按生殖轴病变和功能失调的部位分为下丘脑性闭经、垂体性闭经、卵巢性闭经、子宫性闭经以及下生殖道发育异常性闭经。

According to the location of reproductive axis lesion and dysfunction, it can be divided into hypothalamic amenorrhea, pituitary amenorrhea, ovarian amenorrhea, uterine amenorrhea and hypogenital dysplasia.

WHO将闭经归纳为3种类型:I型:无内源性雌激素产生,卵泡刺激素(FSH)水平正常或低下,催乳素(PRL)水平正常,无下丘脑、垂体器质性病变的证据;Ⅱ型:有内源性雌激素产生、FSH及PRL水平正常;Ⅲ型:为FSH水平升高,提示卵巢功能衰竭。

WHO classified amenorrhea into three types: type I: no endogenous estrogen production, normal or low levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), normal levels of prolactin (PRL), no evidence of hypothalamic and pituitary organic lesions; type I I: endogenous estrogen production, normal levels of FSH and PRL; type I I I: increased levels of FSH, suggesting ovarian failure.

闭经还可分为原发性和继发性,生理性和病理性。

原发性闭经指年龄>14岁,第二性征未发育;或者年龄>16岁,第二性征已发育,月经还未来潮。

继发性闭经指正常月经周期建立后,月经停止6个月以上。

生理性闭经是指妊娠期、哺乳期和绝经期后的无月经。

病理性闭经是直接或间接由中枢神经-下丘脑-垂体-卵巢轴以及靶器官子宫的各个环节的功能性或器质性病变引起的闭经。

Amenorrhea can also be divided into primary and secondary, physiological and pathological.

Primary amenorrhea refers to age > 14 years old, the second sexual sign is undeveloped; or age > 16 years old, the second sexual characteristic has developed, menstruation has not come.

Secondary amenorrhea refers to the cessation of menstruation for more than six months after the establishment of a normal menstrual cycle.

Physiological amenorrhea refers to the absence of menstruation during pregnancy, lactation and after menopause.

Pathological amenorrhea is a kind of amenorrhea caused directly or indirectly by functional or organic lesions of central nervous system-hypothalamus-pituitary-ovary axis and uterus of target organ.

  • 本文禁止用于商业用途,转载需注名出处和作者,否则追究其法律责任!